How to produce new plant at your home without any expense?

Select Good Healthy Mother Plant Branch for Air Layering

Materials for Air Layering

a.    Materials
b.    These are the materials you will need   to air layer a
c.    houseplant
d.    Sharp knife
e.    Toothpick or small piece of wood
f.     Twist ties or cotton cord
g.    8 in. 3 20 in. sheet of clear plastic
h.    Three to four handfuls of sphagnum moss OR "healthy chikni mitti"
i.      Water
j.     Rooting hormone (optional)

Materials for Air Layering

Wounding the Plant :

    Air layering is done by first wounding the plant with a cut in the stem (figure 2).
Make a slanting cut into the stem.
   The cut should penetrate the stem to about one fourth to one-third its diameter.
  Be careful to not cut entirely through the stem.
 Hold onto the plant above the cut so that it does not fall over and break at the cut.

Placing a tooth pick in the cut :

   Keep the wound open using a small piece of wood such as a toothpick (figure 3). This is necessary to prevent the wound from healing over without forming roots.
      A rooting hormone can be applied by pushing it into the opened wound. The rooting hormone is optional, but it does promote more rapid root development.
   Purchase it from garden suppliers and garden centers.
    Saturate a couple handfuls of sphagnum moss with water.

Types of Different Plant Propogation / growing techniques
Placing sphagnum moss around ( sphagnum moss is a material which you can see in a money plant stump you can also use “chikini mitti” instead of it.

   Squeeze slightly to remove excess water and press the moss into a tighter mass. Wrap the damp sphagnum around the wounded area on the stem (figure 4).

    Wrap a sheet of clear plastic tight around the ball of sphagnum (figure 5). Make sure none of the moss protrudes out the ends of the plastic. Use a large enough sheet of plastic to be able to go around the ball twice.

Wrapping plastic around the sphagnum moss.

     Use twist ties or cotton cord to secure each end of the plastic snug around the stem, without injuring the stem (figure 6).
     Check the sphagnum ball every 7 to 10 days.
     If it has become light tan in color, it will need to be watered.
     This can be done by removing the top
    twist tie and pouring a little water on
    the sphagnum moss so that it turns
    dark brown in color.

Securing the wrap with twist ties.
 Examine the plant occasionally for root development.
    There is considerable difference in the amount of time required for roots to form; it will depend on the plant species. Some may form roots within 30 to 60 days,
      While others may require 6 to 8 months. When the roots have filled the sphagnum moss and are visible through the plastic, the newly rooted portion of the plant is ready for potting (figure 7).

Air-layered stem ready to cut off and pot.

  • Remove the plastic and cut the newly rooted plant off just below the mass of roots.
  • Loosen, but do not entirely remove the sphagnum moss.
  • Pot the plant in a container large enough to accommodate the root system. Use a well-drained potting soil mix.
  • Water the plant thoroughly so that the excess water
  • drains out the hole in the bottom of the container.
New Plant is Ready for Potting or in land plantation.